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Ford Truck Club Forum > GARAGE TALK > Garage Talk: Shop Class 101



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  #1  
Old January 16th, 2010, 10:21 PM
Johnny's Avatar
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Default Ford engine classifications...

Something that's always bothered me is hearing people classify Ford engines as big blocks and small blocks.... true some are bigger than others, but there are no such animals as a Ford big, or small block... that was a Chevy thing.... Ford's are classified in series, or families....

as such...

Flathead series/family

136, 221, 329, 255, and 337


Lincoln Y series/family

279, 302, 332, 317, 341, and 368


Ford Y series/family

239, 256, 272, 292, and 312


FE series/family

332, 352, 360, 361, 390, 406, 410, 427, and 428..


FT series/family

330, 359, 361, 389, and 391..


MEL sereis/family

383, 410, 430, and 462..


Super Duty series/Family

401, 475, 477, and 534


90 Degree/Windsor series/family

221, 255, 260, 289, 302, and 351W


335 series/family

351C, 351M, and 400


385 series/family

370, 429, 460, and 514


Modular series/family Had this sent to me so thought I'd post it..

4.6, 5.4, 6.8

First 2 are V8 and the last one is a V10. Then there are various sub classes, 2,3,4 valve, Windsor or Romeo, etc. Not all combonations exist, no 4-valve 6.8 for example.

Then there is the new 6.2 hurricane V8. Too little info out there to tell if it falls into the mod motor class or not. Presumably not. It was designed on a wider bore spacing then the typical mod motors for increased bore size. But it may or may not be considered a mod motor in the future once we start learning more about it. Too new to really know anything about it.

There are a couple more V8s. The Taraus SHO V8 that was very short lived. Then there was a Jag that had a Ford V8 a couple years back.



There are the classifications of Ford engines, in the future when you hear some one call a 460 a big block, or a 302 a small block, or a 351C or M a big block, please point and laugh at them for doing so...
  #2  
Old January 16th, 2010, 10:31 PM
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had this PM'ed to me on another site... pretty much what I said but is a little more detailed...

Here's the site it came off of, so I can't take the credit for it... http://www.fordclassics.com/enginespecs.html and here's what it says..


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford 90 Degree Family


221 cubic inch
Bore and stroke of 3.50 X 2.87.

One of the rarest engines in its' class.

Produced from 1962 to 1963

Compression ratio of 8.7:1

143 Horsepower

260 cubic inch
A hybrid of the 221.

Bore and stroke of 3.80 X 2.87

Larger intake and exhaust ports.

164 Horsepower

Was used in one of the first Cobra's.

289
Bore and stoke 4.00 X 2.87

200 Horsepower w/ 282 ft-lb torque

Two barrel Ford carb

Hydraulic camshaft

In 1964, the 289 was available at 210 horsepower, four barrel carb, cast iron intake manifold and compression ratio of 9.0:1

In 1965 the 289 became was now at 225 horsepower, larger four barrel carb and a compression ratio of 10.0:1 This engine was available till the 1967 model year.
In 1968, the engine was reduced to 195 horsepower.

289 HiPo
Available from 1964 to 1967

Higher nodularity content in block w/ larger two bolt main caps.

Counter weight balanced crankshaft.

3/8 inch rod bolts

Screw in rocker studs w/mechanical lifter camshaft.

Dual point distributor.

Ford 480 cfm four-barrel carb atop a cast-iron intake manifold.

271 horespower at 6,000 RPM w/312 ft-lb's of torque.

302
Produced in 1968

Cast iron crankshaft

forged rods

cast pistons

hydraulic camshaft

available with 2 or 4 barrell carburator

horsepower varied from 210 to 230 depending on carburator.

Standard 302 was equipped with 2 barrel from 1969 to 1983.

302 Tunnel Port
Did not see production for consumer market.
Commonly referred to as the 302 TP for Tunnel Port
Pushrods were fitted inside a sleeve
Intake ports were oversized
Intake/Exhaust was 2.12inches and 1.54inches
Two versions available, one with conventional rocker arms for the Trans Am race series and the other using Nascar shaft mounted rocers.
Engines were built by Ford foundry and not by the racing circuit

302 Boss
Top performer of the 90 degree family.

Production from 1969 to 1970.

Available in Mustang 302 Sportsroof and Mercury Cougar Eliminator only.

Four bolt mains

Screw in frost plugs

Canted valves, 2.23 in. / 1.71 in.

Cylinder heads from Ford's 335 Series family.

Threaded rocker arm studs

Push rod guide plates.

Stamped steel sled-fulcrum rockers

Mechanical lifter camshaft

dual plane, single four barrell aluminum intake.

Holley 780cfm carb.


351 Windsor

Not to be confused with the 351 Cleveland.

A basic 302 with extended deck height with thicker cylinder walls

Primarily the only interchangeable part are the heads with other small blocks from the 90 degree family.

In 1969, the 351 Windsor reached its' highest horsepower rating of 290 at 5800RPM



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford MEL Series



In 1958, came the introduction of the MEL series engines. These were some of the largest and heaviest V8 engines Ford had ever built.


383 cubic inch
Developed for the Mercury line of vehicles.

Bore and stroke of 4.30 X 3.30 inches.

Had a two year history starting in 1958 and lasting till 1960

Most of these engines in the two years were known as the Marauder

The Mercury Marauder engines of 1958 came with either 312 horsepower or 330 horsepower, both packed with a four barrel carburator.

In 1959, the Marauder engine was considered a mid range of its' predecessor with a stock horsepower of 322.

In its' last year, the 383 cubic inch Marauder was dropped to 280 horsepower.

410 cubic inch
Less common of the MEL series is the 410 cubic inch

Bore and Stroke of 4.20 X 3.70

10.5.1 compression

Holley four-barrel carb and hydraulic lifters.

475 pounds of foot torque

Also be reffered to as the E-475 engine.

In 1958, Edsel Corsair and Citation models used the 410 cubic inch as their only preference for engine types.

430 cubic inch
commonly referred to as the Bulldozer of the MEL series and lasted from 1958 to 1965

In its' "suped up" version, the 430 was commonly referred to as the Super Marauder and came with three two barrel carburators.

bore and stroke of 4.29 X 3.7 inches

Compression rations started at 10.5.1 but soon began to decline late in 1959 to 10.0.1 at 350 horsepower.

The higher horsepower versions of the 430 remained within its first year of production with horsepower of 365, 375 and of course 400.

In 1959 the horsepower slowly began to reduce, yet hold a moderate 345 ponies even with a slightly less compression ratio of 10.0.1.

In 1960, the big 430 cubic inch used a milder camshaft, producing 315 horsepower.

1963 when the 430 got an overhaul with new pistons and a four barrel carb, pushing compression to 10.1.1 and a horsepower rating of about 345.

It could be found in the 1958 Lincoln Continental Convertible, rating 400 horsepower and nearly 500 foot pounds of torque.

Mercury also used the 430 cubic inch until 1960.

462 cubic inch
By 1966, it replaced its' predecessor the 430.

bore and stroke of 4.38 X 3.83 inches.

hydraulic lifters and a four barrel carb.

the 462 was used for its' smoothness in large passenger vehicles.

It lasted for only two years.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford FE Series



332 cubic inch (1958 - 1959)

Compression ratio 9.5:1

Bore and stroke of 4.00X3.30

two-barrell @ 240 hp

1958 series option w/four-barrell @ 265 hp

mechanical camshaft w/machined combustion chambers

last year of production, compression ratio 8.9.:1 @ 225 hp


352 cubic inch

bore and stroke of 4.00X3.50

engine for the '58 T-bird

four barrell carb @ 300 hp

compression ratio 10.2.:1

cast iron crankshaft

forged steel rods, mechanical-lifter camshaft w/machined combustion chambers or cast chambers by 1959.

By 1960, the 352 HP was available with an aluminum intake manifold producing approximately 360 hp.

360 cubic inch

Used in Ford trucks

Lower compression engine with heavy duty internal parts


361 cubic inch (1958 - 1959)

Bore and stroke 4.0469X3.50

10.5:1 compression ratio w/303 hp

In 1959, the 360 cubic inch used cast chambers reducing compression and horsepower.


390 cubic inch (1961-1976)

Bore and stroke 4.05X3.78

Three versions available

1961-1963: 390 cubic inch with 9.6:1 compression ratio, four barrell carb @300 hp.


406 cubic inch

Introduced in 1962

Bore and stroke 4.13x3.78

Same block as 390 HP

Few 1963 blocks came with cross bolt mains.

Revised oil galleries.


410 cubic inch

This is a 390 block with a 428 crankshaft

Four barrell carb.

The stroke is increased .020 in for a total of 3.98 inches

Only used in Mercury vehicles from 1966 to 1967


427 Low Riser

Available through 1963-1964

Cast iron crankshaft and solid lifter camshaft

Intake 2.04 (2.09 inch in 1964) with 1.66 exhaust valves

Some of these engines had cross-bolt mains.

Cast aluminum intake manifolds.

Single and dual four barrell carburators.

Horsepower varied from 410 to 425 depending on setup.

11.5.1 compression


427 Medium Riser

1965 to 1967 all 427 blocks were side oilers.

Forged steel crankshaft

Cap screw connecting rods

Cross bolt mains


427 High Riser

Introduce in 1964

Tallest cyclinder ports and intake manifold allowed for greater air/fuel mixture

Single and dual four barrell

Cast iron crank

solid lifter camshaft

Cross bolt mains


427 Tunnel Port

Available in 1967

Options included Tunnel Port cyclinder heads, four barrell aluminum intake or dual four barrell aluminum intake.

Much like the 427 medium riser in all other regards.


427 SOHC

Available as an over the counter option only.

Cast aluminum cyclinder heads

hemi-spherical combusiton chambers

stainless steel valves


428 cubic inch

Introduced in 1966

Bore and stroke of 4.13X3.98

Cast iron crankshaft

forged-steel connecting rods

cast iron intake manifold

345 horsepower @ 10.5:1 compression ration

Variations of the 428 existed throughout its' life span, including the 428 Police Interceptor, 428 Thunderjet and 428 Marauder.

The Police Interceptor contained an aluminum intake, high performance camshaft and beefier connecting rods to produce 360 hp.


428 Cobra Jet

Standard was 2.09 inch intake and 1.66 inch exhaust valves.

Cast iron intake manifold identical to the aluminum one on the police interceptor.

Cast iron exhaust manifolds.

Two-bolt main block

Between 345-360 horsepower


428 Super Cobra Jet

Internal structure differences included Lemans type cap screw rods
The capscrews were shorter than the 427's to clear the block

Externally balanced

External engine oil cooler





--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford 385-Series Family



Although there were several variations to the engines of the 385-series family, only two displacements were available---the 429 cubic inch and the 460 cubic inch. Both were introduced in 1968 and lasted until 1973. These engines were heavier and larger than Ford's predecessor---the FE Family.

429 (Thunderjet)
two-bolt main bearing cap

Bore and Stroke 4.36x3.59

cast-iron crankshaft

forged-steel connecting rods with 3/8 inch rod bolts

cast-aluminum pistons

hydraulic lifter camshaft

2.08 inch/1.66 inch intake/exhaust valves

non-adjustable rocker arms

cast-iron intake manifold

4 barrel or 2 barrel carburator

Was available in Ford and Mercury automobiles
429 Cobra Jet
Four-bolt main engine block (with exception to some early 1970 models).

Larger cylinder heads---2.25 inches/1.72 inches intake/exhaust.

Rocker arms were stamped steel 1.73:1 ratio with sled type fulcrums, threaded screw-in rocker studs and pushrod guide plates.

The rocker arms on the 429 cubic inch Cobra Jet were also adjustable prior to 1969.

Cobra Jet used a Rochester Quadrajet carburetor atop a spread-bore cast-iron manifold.

429 Super Cobra Jet
4 bolt main engine blocks

Forged aluminum pistions

Mechanical lifter camshaft

Adjustable rocker arms

780cfm Holley four-barrel carb

429 Boss
All aluminum cast cylinder heads

Cresent type combustion chambers

Intake/Exhaust valves of 2.28in and 1.90inch

Exhaust valves are "D" shaped

4 oil galleries

Identified by casting 429HP on block

Higher iron nodularity content with thicker cylinder walls

2 Versions of the 429 Boss existed, they were 820-S & 820-T

Forged steel cross-drilled crankshaft

Forged aluminum pistons

Aluminum dual plane manifold w/735cfm Holley four barrel carb

429 Nascar
Larger Outboard bolts in #1 main bearing cap.

Deck height was grooved for O rings.

Larger machined refliefs for exhaust pushrods

Longer street rods, than the Boss 429-820S type

Some blocks had full hemi design, others crescent type

Stainless steel intake valves

Magnesium valve covers and intake manifold.

460
Produced from 1968 to 1996.

Available in Ford, Mercury and Lincoln.

Same as 429, but with longer stroke. (3.85 inch)

During its earlier years, pre 1973, horsepower was rated at 365. After 1972 horsepower ranged from 208 to 275.

Intake/exhaust valves are 2.08/1.66

Intake/exhaust valves for the Police Interceptor 460 heads (from 1973-'74) measure 2.19/1.66


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford 335-Series Family


The 335 Series consisted of versions of the 351 and 400 blocks. It lasted from 1970 to 1975.

351 Cleveland
canted-valve cyclinder heads.

bore and stroke of 4.00 X 3.50.

a light weight block to beat.

one of the most desirable V8 engines Ford had to offer.

a two barrel or four barrel setup.

From 1970 to 1971 the 351 boosted between 250 to 240 horsepower.

As time progress, the 351 Cleveland saw lessor horsepower until its' demise in 1975.

the 351 Cleveland four barrel came with dual exhausts, a higher compressions ratio, larger intake/exhaust valves and four bolt mains during the first year of production.

the 351 Windsor, which belongs to the 90 degree V8 family and bears no resemblance or connection to the 351 Cleveland.

351 CJ
Introduced in the fall of 1971

mostly of four bolt mains, however there are some with two bolt mains.

possessed a spread bore bolt pattern cast iron manifold

Autolite carb 4300-D

Horsepower varied from approximately 280 during the first year of production down to 265 by 1973.

351 Boss
Most desirable

only available in the 1971 Boss 351 Mustang

Four bolt mains

high nodular iron crankshaft

solid lifter camshaft with screw in studs

adjustable rockers

an aluminum four barrel intake

351 HO
In 1972, Ford rolled the 351 Boss over into the 351 High Output for the new year.

Slighltly less desirable, the 351 High Output used the spread bore bolt pattern cast iron manifold

Autolite 4300-D.

With a milder camshaft, the output of the 351 HO was about 275 horsepower.

351 M and 400
By 1975 the 351 Modified was issued with Cleveland heads

a two barrel carb.

hydraulic lifters.

a cast iron intake manifold.

a two barrel carb.

the 351 Modified and the 400 which was introduced since 1971, are virtually identical with very few exceptions.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ford Y Block Series Family


239 cubic inch
Cast iron crankshaft, intake and exhaust

Cast-aluminum pistons

Mechanical camshaft

Aavailable in Ford cars in 1954 and 1955 Ford trucks

256 cubic inch
Used only on Mercury vehicles and in F-series Ford trucks

Compression ratio of 7.5:1

161hp at 4400RPM

272 cubic inch
Two versions available for 1955

Two barrel carb with 7.6:1 compression and 162hp

Four barrel carb with 8.5:1 compression and 182hp

In 1956 horsepower varied with automatic or manual transmission

In 1957, the 272 cubic inch reached 192 horsepower

292 cubic inch
First introduced in the T-bird and Montclair

All used four barrel carb in 1955, but horsepower varied, but average around 200 depending with manual or automatic transmissions.

Bore and stroke: 3.75x3.30 in.

Following years were produce less horsepower, until its' demise in 1964

312 cubic inch
Largest Y Block of its kind

Bore and stroke: 3.80x3.44 in.

Two versions were introduced, both with four barrel carbs and dual exhausts.

Introduced, once again in the 1957 T-Bird, it gained critical aclaim for producing horsepower over 300 while equipped with a Paxton supercharger



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lincoln Family


317 cubic inch
Cast nodular iron crankshaft supported by five bearing journals at 2.62inch

Rod journals measured 2.249 inches

8.0:1 compression ratio and 205hp at 4200 RPM

An improved Holley carb, high lifter cam, dual diaphram distributor and freer flowing exhaust

341 cubic inch
Last only for 1955

Increased bore to 3.94 inches

Compression ratio of 8.5:1 with 225hp at 4400RPM and 332ft.lb of torque

368 cubic inch
Introduced in 1956

Increased bore and stroke to 4.00X3.66

285hp @ 4600 RPM with 402ft.lb. of toque

Compression ratio is 9.0:1

Larger exhaust valves at 1.64 inches, bigger fuel pump and dual diaphram distributor

Black painted valve covers and air cleaner

Following production year had slightly revised enhancements including 10.1:1 compression, Carter four barrel carb and a spin on/off oil filter

There are the classifications of Ford engines, in the future when you hear some one call a 460 a big block, or a 302 a small block, or a 351C or M a big block, please point and laugh at them for doing so...
  #3  
Old January 16th, 2010, 10:59 PM
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good post!


Have you donated to FordTruckClub.net yet? I have!


  #4  
Old October 30th, 2010, 12:13 PM
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What about all of the inline six models made throughout the years. There sure are a lot of em.
  #5  
Old October 30th, 2010, 01:35 PM
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Good question Russo, why dont you see what you can come up with and add it to this thread. Or make your own thread with the info in this section!




  #6  
Old October 30th, 2010, 05:11 PM
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I'll see what I can do, I often do research on the inline six family and they are actually classified as big a small block 240 and 300 being big block and those smaller than that used long long ago were considered small blocks.


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